Pharmacognosy, Nutritional Value and Antioxidant Activity of Aglaia elaeagnoidea (A.Juss.) Benth

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Journal of Ayurveda Medical Sciences,2017,2,1,104-111.
Published:April 2017
Type:Original Article

Pharmacognosy, Nutritional Value and Antioxidant Activity of Aglaia elaeagnoidea (A.Juss.) Benth

 

1PG Scholar, 2Associate professor, Department of Dravyaguna, SDM College of Ayurveda, Kuthpady, Udupi, Karnataka, India 574118. 3Research officer, 4Senior Research officer, Department of Pharmacognosy, SDM Centre for Research in Ayurveda and Allied Sciences, Kuthpady, Udupi, Karnataka, India 574118. 5Current: Research Officer and HOD, Department of Pharmacognosy, Siddha Central Research Institute (CCRS), Anna Hospital Campus, Arumbakkam, Chennai, India 600106.

Abstract:

Introduction: Aglaia elaeagnoidea (A.Juss.) Benth. of Meliaceae is a small tree found in tropical forests. The tree yields subglobose, acidic, tan coloured edible berry. The fruits are said to be a rich source of vitamin and are used by traditional community as a source of energy and nutrition. Apart from this folk practitioners also use this as a source of fermentation initiators in the preparation of alchoholic fermentation products. Methods: Matured fruits collected in fruiting season are used for the study. Macro-microscopy, physicochemical standards, HPTLC, nutritional evaluation and antioxidant study carried out using standard methodology. Results: Tan coloured aromatic, acidic fruits, shown a thick pericarp with lignified trichomes; a thick mesocarp filled with sclerides and stones cells and a mucilaginous endosperm are distinctive macro-microscopic findings. Physico-chemical Standards, HPTLC mark the standards of the drug; whereas fruits shown the presence of carbohydrates and terpenoids compounds. Wild edible fruits proved presence of nutritional factors carbohydrates (57.10%), proteins (52.78%), and fat (0.80%) along with good amount of antioxidant property when alaysed through DPPH method. Physico chemical standards and HPTLC marks the standard of the drug. The fruit shows the presence of carbohydrates and terpenoids. Wild edible fruits proved presence of nutritional factors carbohydrates (57.10%), proteins (52.78%), and fat (0.80%) along with good amount of antioxidant property when analyzed through DPPH method. Conclusion: Further studies may prove this fruit as a source of drug in maintenance of health.

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